Angle of Attack is based at Lethbridge Airfield.  Our goal is to provide a unique and safe flying adventure by allowing the public to experience military type flying.   We understand that each passenger has unique requirements and we work hard to provide a truly memorable experience.  We have a passion for aviation and it is our privilege to share our passion with you.


Due to aircraft requirements and the nature of the flying the following restrictions for passengers apply.   Weight is limited to 130 kg, and height is limits to 6'4".  Passengers must be in good general health with no significant heart conditions.  G force increases strain on the cardiovascular system.  Passengers must be able to step onto the wing and into the cockpit with minimal assistance.

As a guide, age is no barrier so long as the passenger is mature enough to follow instructions and exit the aircraft with minimal assistance.  Passengers as young as 12 have experienced an adventure flight (of course, we did not perform any aerobatics of significance!), and passengers as old as 80.  

Our pilots

Adam Cartwright -  Commercial Pilot with aerobatic and formation endorsements.  Ex  RAAF  and competition aerobatics pilot.

Mathew Williams- Commercial pilot with aerobatic and formation endorsements.  Matt currently pilots the Tooradin Skydive operations and flies Adventure flight war plane operations.

Pauli Saario -
Commercial Pilot (ATPL)  with aerobatic and formation endorsements currently flying Airbus A330.

Our aircraft

Nanchang CJ6-  Military trainer used primarily to transition military pilots from piston to jet fighters.  The layout of the cockpit and the systems closely match the MIG15 jet fighter.

More than 3000 were built, with the last CJ6 produced in 2014.

A 285 HP supercharged radial engine powers the aircraft.

Normal design limits are +6.5G to -3.5G with a safety factor of 20%, with VNE of 372 km/hr.

With more rivets than a spitfire this is a robust and well behaved aerobatic and formation military trainer.

Adventure flights explained


Australia's aviation safety regulations allow the operation of a range of ex-military, historic and replica aircraft in adventure-style flights. Numerous aviation organisations offer flights to the public in these jet and propeller aircraft for a fee.

These flights are marketed as 'warbird', 'combat', 'military', 'top-gun' or 'adventure' flights, rather than traditional 'joy flights'.  The flights may involve mock military-style combat manoeuvres, aerobatics and mock bombing runs.

The information below is an outline of how the safety risks of these flights are managed by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority and - since May 2007 - the Australian Warbirds Association Limited.


The safety risks of adventure flights are very different to the risks of flying in large passenger jet aircraft or smaller commuter aircraft.  In fact, the safety risks of adventure flights are unique.

The reason is simple – these are flights conducted in historic, ex-military and replica aircraft, operating under more extreme flying conditions.  Many of these ex-military aircraft were manufactured in the 1950s, 60s and 70s. 

It is also important to remember that the original design specifications and standards of manufacture were military, not civilian.  This means the way the aircraft were built and then maintained was not the same as civilian standards for passenger-carrying aircraft.  The maintenance standards required for these historic, and ex-military aircraft  are not as high as the standards required for commercial passenger-carrying aircraft.

In addition, the flights may involve aerobatics or mock military manoeuvres and this intrinsically carries a higher risk than flying in a commercial or private aircraft in level flight.

All these factors mean taking an adventure flight has a higher level of risk than flying as a passenger on a commercial airline.

What is  CASA's role in adventure flights?

Under the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations ex-military, replica and historic aircraft intended for adventure flight operations are registered with CASA and placed in the Limited Category of airworthiness. This allows the aircraft to operate under a special set of conditions contained in Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 21.189 and Civil Aviation Regulations 262AM.

The aircraft must be operated and maintained in accordance with the Australian Warbirds Association Limited manual or have a specific approval issued by CASA to operate.  The Australian Warbirds Association has approval from CASA to administer aircraft operating under the Limited Category.

CASA will not generally conduct direct routine surveillance of Limited Category aircraft.

CASA's involvement is restricted to licensing pilots and granting approval to the Australian Warbirds Association to provide a measure of self-administration of the sector in respect to airworthiness matters and adventure flight operations.  CASA also delivers education about the risks of adventure flights and will remove people from the aviation industry who endanger lives or engage in other unsafe practices.

The regulations provide that neither the Commonwealth nor CASA are liable in negligence or otherwise for any loss or damage incurred by anyone because of, or arising out of, the design, construction, restoration, repair, maintenance or operation of a limited category aircraft or an experimental aircraft, or any act or omission of CASA done or made in good faith to any of those things.

Do people have to understand and accept the risks?

Yes. Before you take an adventure flight you must be given an explanation of the risks involved and you must accept those risks.  People who fly in Limited Category aircraft must be properly briefed and must have acknowledged that briefing in writing.

If you choose to take an adventure flight you will be asked to sign a document to confirm you have been briefed about the safety issues.  

What will I be asked to sign?

If you take an adventure flight in Limited Category aircraft, you will be asked to sign a document acknowledging you have been told and understand the risks involved.

The risks you must accept are:

1. The design, manufacture, and airworthiness of the aircraft are not required to meet any standard recognised by CASA

2. CASA does not require the aircraft to be operated to the same degree of safety as an aircraft on a commercial passenger flight

3. A person who flies in limited category aircraft does so at his or her own risk.

 What types of pilots fly these aircraft?

The pilots flying adventure flights must be approved and current licensed  commercial pilots with appropriate aerobatic and formation flying ratings.

Where can I get more information on ex-military/warbirds, historic and replica aircraft?

Further information on these aircraft and adventure flight operations can be obtained from the Australian Warbirds Association Limited web site: